CANON EOS 7D

The Canon EOS 7D is as fast and sturdy a DSLR as you can find for under $2,000.

The 7D allows you to move beyond the basics of getting a great image, and begin thinking about what kind of images you are aiming for.  Stepping up from entry-level gear to semi-pro isn’t only about spending more: it’s about gaining a better understanding what you’re doing and how you can do it better.

There are a million different ways to think about a camera and it capabilities, and far be it from us to tell anyone what to with his or her camera. But with so many DSLR’s on the market, it can be helpful to take an impression of the camera and run with it.  Take for example two of the 7D’s selling points: its lightning quick speed (8 frames per second in burst mode thanks to dual DIGIC processors) and its full frame viewfinder.

Looking through the viewfinder of the 7D you are one with the sensor.  Seeing the real frame while shooting is a rare treat in the digital arena – very few DSLR’s provide this perk.

Combining the ability to precisely frame your shots with the high frame rate and one of the thousands of applications for the 7D bubbles up to the surface.  Let’s say you’re thinking of getting into sports blogging.  Of course you’ll want kicking images on your blog.  You’re going to find yourself shooting fast action, and needing to capture those exact instances when a player is kicking, hitting, shooting, crossing the finishing line.  Sports photography is usually about catching a specific player doing a specific action. Peering through the 7D’s full viewfinder and shooting at 8fps, you can be sure you won’t miss the tip of the baseball bat, or Messi’s left foot.

Same goes for wildlife photography (especially birds), event photography (especially live shows), or snooping: in silent mode, the 7D is perfect for a private eye.

Add to the above the fact that you can toss your 7D into the back of your ride in a hurry because the magnesium construction can take (with pride) a bump here and there.  It can handle a bit of rainfall as well – another big plus.  Being too careful with your camera takes some of the fun out.

Another point that Steve mentions in the video is white balance. White balance can be explained pretty easily: It is the process that makes what’s white to your eye look white in your photograph.  It is a measure of color temperature that uses white as the starting point.  You can let the camera do it for you by using the Auto White Balance setting, choose a preset based on the lighting you find yourself in, set a custom white balance based on a reference card, or just eye it and set a color temperature yourself. Click herefor an in-depth explanation of white balance and color temperature.

When Steve’s out shooting and rapidly changing locations he doesn’t always have the time to set his color temperatures manually, and instead relies on the AWB.   The 7D makes life easy for the fast-shooter: high frame rate, 100% viewfinder, colors under control.

Obviously there’s more to be said about the 7D. You can have a look here how Canon presents it. The important thing, in our minds at least, is to look at all this as a process of understanding, adjusting and accepting. Understanding better what you are shooting, adjusting as to shoot it better, and accepting that sometimes you have to pay a little bit more to get extra features you need in a camera.

Many thanks to Steve for his help & guidance!

http://www.stevemeyer.net/

From Canon USA:

With a host of brand new features designed to enhance every facet of the photographic process, from still images to video, the new EOS 7D represents a whole new class of camera.

Made to be the tool of choice for serious photographers and semi-professionals, the EOS 7D features an all-new 18.0 Megapixel APS-C size CMOS sensor and Dual DIGIC 4 Image Processors, capturing tremendous images at up to ISO 12800 and speeds of up to 8 fps. The EOS 7D has a new all cross-type 19-point AF system with improved AI Servo II AF subject tracking and user-selectable AF area selection modes for sharp focus no matter the situation. The EOS 7D’s Intelligent Viewfinder, an entirely newly-designed technology, provides approximately 100% coverage and displays user-selected AF modes as well as a spot metering circle and on demand grid lines. New iFCL Metering with 63-zone dual-layer metering system uses both focus and color information to provide accurate exposure even in difficult lighting. The EOS 7D also captures Full HD video at 30p (29.97 fps), 24p (23.976 fps) and 25p with an array of manual controls, including manual exposure during movie shooting and ISO speed selection. The EOS 7D features a magnesium alloy body that is dust- and weather-resistant and shutter durability of up to 150,000 cycles. Compatible with over 60 EF and EF-S lenses as well as with EOS System accessories, the creative opportunities – not just with stills but also with video – are beyond amazement.

Specifications:

Type
Digital, AF/AE single-lens reflex camera with built-in flash

Recording Media
CF Card Type I and II, UDMA-compliant CF cards, via external media (USB v.2.0 hard drive, via optional Wireless File Transmitter WFT-E5A)

Image Format
22.3 x 14.9 mm (APS-C size)

Compatible Lenses
Canon EF lenses including EF-S lenses (35mm-equivalent focal length is approx. 1.6x the lens focal length)

Lens Mount
Canon EF mount

Image Sensor

Type
High-sensitivity, high-resolution, large single-plate CMOS sensor

Pixels
Effective pixels: Approx. 18.0 megapixels

Total Pixels
Approx. 19.0 megapixels

Aspect Ratio
3:2 (Horizontal: Vertical)

Color Filter System
RGB primary color filters

Low Pass Filter
Fixed position in front of the CMOS sensor

Dust Deletion Feature
(1) Automatic Sensor Cleaning

  • Removes dust adhering to the low-pass filter.
  • Self-cleaning executed automatically (taking 2 sec.) when power is turned on or off. Manual execution also possible (taking 6 sec.).
  • Low-pass filter has a fluorine coating.

(2) Dust Delete Data appended to the captured image

  • The coordinates of the dust adhering to the low-pass filter are detected by a test shot and appended to subsequent images.
  • The dust coordinate data appended to the image is used by the provided software to automatically erase the dust spots.

(3) Manual cleaning of sensor

Recording System

Recording Format
Design rule for Camera File System 2.0 and Exif 2.21

Image Format
Still: JPEG, RAW (14-bit, Canon original), sRAW, mRAW, RAW+JPEG

Video: MOV (Image data: H.264, Audio: Linear PCM)

File Size
(1) Large: Approx. 17.90 Megapixels (5,184 x 3,456)

(2) Medium: Approx. 8.00 Megapixels (3,456 x 2,304)

(3) Small: Approx. 4.50 Megapixels (2,592 x 1,728)

(4) RAW: Approx. 17.90 Megapixels (5,184 x 3,456)

(5) M-RAW: Approx. 10.10 Megapixels (3,888 x 2,592)

(6) S-RAW: Approx. 4.50 Megapixels (2,592 x 1,728)

Exact file sizes depend on the subject, ISO speed, Picture Style, etc.

Recording Functions
Images record directly to the CF card. With the WFT-E5A attached, image recording to the CF card and to the USB external media connected to the WFT-E5A will be possible as follows:

(1) Standard

  • No automatic switching of recording media.

(2) Automatic switching of recording media

  • When the current recording media becomes full, it switches to another recording media automatically and continues recording.

(3) Separate recording

  • Each recording media can be set to record a specific image-recording quality for each shot.

(4) Recording of identical images

  • Images can also be recorded at the same size to both recording media. (RAW+JPEG, M RAW+JPEG or S RAW+JPEG is possible).

(5) Backup to external recording media

  • Selected images, all images, and quick backup are possible.

Backup Recording
Enabled with WFT-E5A attached

File Numbering
Consecutive numbering, auto reset, manual reset.

Possible to create new folders and select folders in the CF card.

Color Space
sRGB, Adobe RGB

Picture Style
Standard, Portrait, Landscape, Neutral, Faithful, Monochrome, User Defined 1-3

White Balance

Settings
Auto, Daylight, Shade, Cloudy, Tungsten Light, White Fluorescent Light, Flash, Custom, Color Temperature setting

Auto White Balance
Auto white balance with the image sensor

Color Temperature Compensation
White balance correction: ±9 mireds in 5 step increments
White balance bracketing: ±3 mireds in full-step increments
Blue/amber direction or magenta/green direction possible

Color Temperature Information Transmission
Provided

Viewfinder

Type
Eye-level pentaprism

Coverage
Approximately 100%

Magnification
Approx. 1.0x (-1m-1 with 50mm lens at infinity)/29.4° angle of view

Eye Point
Approx. 22mm (from eyepiece lens center)

Dioptric Adjustment Correction
-3.0 to +1.0m-1 (diopter)

Focusing Screen
Fixed

Mirror
Quick-return half mirror (transmission: reflection ratio of 40:60) with EF600mm f/4L IS USM or shorter lenses)

Viewfinder Information
AF information (AF points, focus confirmation light), Exposure information (Shutter speed, aperture, ISO speed, AE lock, exposure level, spot metering circle, exposure warning), Flash information (Flash-ready, flash exposure compensation, high-speed sync, FE lock, red-eye reduction light), Image information (Highlight tone priority, Monochrome shooting, maximum burst, white balance correction, CF card information), Composition information (Grid, electronic level), Battery check

Depth Of Field Preview
Enabled with depth-of-field preview button

Autofocus

Type
TTL-CT-SIR AF-dedicated CMOS sensor

AF Points
19-point all cross-type AF (f/2.8 at center: Dual Cross Sensor)

AF Working Range
EV -0.5-18 (at 73°F/23°C, ISO 100)

Focusing Modes
(1) Autofocus

– One-Shot AF

– Predictive AI Servo AF

* For automatic AF point selection, the AF point to start the AI Servo II AF operation can be selected.

* For automatic AF point selection, the active AF point can be displayed.

– AI Focus AF (Switches between One-Shot AF and AI Servo II AF automatically)

(2) Manual focus (MF)

AF Point Selection
(1) Manual selection: Single point AF

(2) Manual selection: Spot AF

(3) Manual selection: AF point expansion

(4) Manual selection: Zone AF

(5) Automatic selection: 19 point AF

Selected AF Point Display
Indicated by transmissive LCD display in the viewfinder and on the LCD panel

AF Assist Beam
When an external EOS-dedicated Speedlite is attached to the camera, the AF-assist beam from the Speedlite will be emitted when necessary.

Exposure Control

Metering Modes
63-zone SPC TTL metering with selectable modes

  • Evaluative metering (linkable to any AF point)
  • Partial metering (approx. 9.4% of viewfinder at center)
  • Spot metering (approx. 2.3% of viewfinder at center)
  • Center-weighted average metering

Metering Range
EV 1-20 (at 73°F/23°C with EF50mm f/1.4 USM lens, ISO 100)

ISO Speed Range
Automatically set, ISO 100-6400 (in 1/3-stop or 1-stop increments)

Basic Zone modes: ISO 100-3200 set automatically

Extension settable (with C.Fn.I 3-1): ISO 12800

High Tone Priority settable: ISO 200-6400

Exposure Compensation
Manual: ±5 stops in 1/3- or 1/2-stop increments (AEB ±3 stops)
* Indicated up to ±3 stops on the LCD panel and in the viewfinder.

AE Lock
Auto: Applied in One-Shot AF mode with evaluative metering when focus is achieved

Manual: By AE lock button

Shutter
Vertical-travel, mechanical, Electronically-controlled, focal-plane shutter 1/8000 to 1/60 sec., X-sync at 1/250 sec.

1/8000 to 30 sec., bulb (Total shutter speed range. Available range varies by shooting mode) Soft-touch electromagnetic release 10-sec. or 2-sec. delay

Type
Vertical-travel, mechanical, Electronically-controlled, focal-plane shutter

Shutter Speeds
1/8000 to 1/60 sec., X-sync at 1/250 sec.

1/8000 to 30 sec., bulb (Total shutter speed range. Available range varies by shooting mode)

Shutter Release
Soft-touch electromagnetic release

Self Timer
10-sec. or 2-sec. delay

Built in Flash

Type
Retractable, auto pop-up flash

Guide Number
12/39 (ISO 100, in meters/feet)

Recycling Time
Approx. 3 sec.

Flash Ready Indicator
Flash-ready icon lights in viewfinder

Flash Coverage
15mm lens angle of view (equivalent to approx. 24mm in 135 format)

FE Lock
Provided

Flash Exposure Compensation
±3 stops in 1/3- or 1/2-stop increments

External Speedlite

Zooming to Match Focal Length
Provided

Flash Metering
E-TTL II autoflash

Flash Exposure Compensation
±3 stops in 1/3- or 1/2-stop increments

FE Lock
Provided

External Flash Settings
Flash function settings, Flash C.Fn settings

PC Terminal
Provided

Drive System

Drive Modes
Single, High-speed continuous, Low-speed continuous, and Self-timer (10 sec. self-timer/remote control, or 2-sec. self-timer/remote control)

Continuous Shooting Speed
High-speed: Max. 8.0 shots/sec.

Low-speed: Max. 3.0 shots/sec.

Maximum Burst
JPEG (Large/Fine): approx. 94 (CF)/approx. 126 (UDMA CF)

RAW: approx. 15/approx. 15 (UDMA CF)

RAW+JPEG (Large/Fine): approx. 6 (CF/UDMA CF)

Based on Canon’s testing standards with a 2GB CF card, high-speed continuous shooting, ISO 100 and Standard Picture Style.

Varies depending on the subject, CF card brand, image-recording quality, ISO speed, drive mode, Picture Style, etc.

Live View Functions

Shooting Modes
Still photo shooting and video shooting

Focusing
Quick mode (Phase-difference detection)

Live mode/Face detection Live mode (Contrast detection)

Face detection Live mode

Manual focusing (5x/10x magnification possible)

Metering Modes
Evaluative metering with the image sensor (still photos)

Center-weighted average metering (video)

Metering Range
EV 1-20 (at 73°F/23°C with EF 50mm f/1.4 USM lens, ISO 100)

Grid Display
Provided (Two-type grid displays)

Exposure Simulation
Provided

Silent Shooting
Provided (Mode 1 and 2)

LCD Monitor

Type
TFT color, liquid-crystal monitor

Monitor Size
3.0 in.

Pixels
Approx. 920,000 dots (VGA)

Coverage
Approx. 100%
Viewing angle: 170°

Brightness Control
Auto: Brightness adjusted automatically by the light sensor, Manual: 7 levels provided

Interface Languages
25 (English, German, French, Dutch, Danish, Portuguese, Finnish, Italian, Norwegian, Swedish, Spanish, Greek, Russian, Polish, Czech, Hungarian, Romanian, Ukraine, Turkish, Arabic, Thai, Simplified/Traditional Chinese, Korean, Japanese)

Playback

Display Format
Single image, Single image + Image-recording quality/shooting information, histogram, 4- or 9-image index, magnified view (approx. 1.5x-10x), rotated image (auto/manual), image jump (by 10/100 images, index screen, by shooting date, by folder), slide show (all images/selected by date/folder)

Highlight Alert
Provided (Overexposed highlights blink)

Image Protection and Erase

Protection
Single images can be erase-protected or not

Erase
Single image, check-marked images or all images in the CF card can be erased (except protected images)

Direct Printing

Compatible Printers
PictBridge-compatible printers

Printable Images
JPEG images compliant to Design rule for Camera File System (DPOF printing possible) and RAW/sRAW images captured with the EOS 7D

Easy Print feature
Provided

DPOF: Digital Print Order Format

DPOF
Version 1.1 compatible

Direct Image Transfer

Compatible Images
JPEG and RAW images

*Only JPEG images can be transferred as wallpaper on the personal computer screen

Customization

Custom Functions
Total 27

Camera User Settings
Register under Mode Dial’s C1, C2 and C3 positions

My Menu Registration
Provided

Power Source

Battery
One Battery Pack LP-E6

AC power can be supplied via AC Adapter Kit ACK-E6

With Battery Grip BG-E7 attached.

Number of Shots

Temperature Shooting Conditions
AE 100% AE 50%, FA 50%
At 73° F/23° C approx. 1000 approx. 800
At 32° F/0° C approx. 900 approx. 750
Live View shooting at 73°F/23°C approx. 230 approx. 220
Live View shooting at 32°F/0°C approx. 220 approx. 210

Battery Life
The above figures apply with a fully-charged Battery Pack LP-E6 without a Battery Grip
The figures above are based on CIPA (Camera & Imaging Products Association) testing standards

Battery Check
Auto

Power Saving
Provided. Power turns off after 1, 2, 4, 8, 15 or 30 min.

Date/Time Battery
One CR1616 lithium-ion battery

Start-up Time
Approx. 0.1 sec. (based on CIPA testing standards)

Dimensions and Weight

Dimensions (W x H x D)
Approx. 5.8 x 4.4 x 2.9 in./148.2 x 110.7 x 73.5mm

Weight
Approx. 28.9 oz./820g (body only)

Operating Environment

Working Temperature Range
32-104°F/0-40°C

Working Humidity Range
85% or less


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